What Are the Three States of Concrete?

three states of concrete

When you think of ready mix concrete, you either think of it as a wet building material that you can form into a style necessary for your project or as a hard surface that creates high-rises, sidewalks, homes,  playgrounds, and so much more. However, there’s more to concrete than just those two states. In fact, there are three total states of concrete, and each one plays its own unique role in the final result of your concrete project.

1. Plastic

The first state of concrete is known as the plastic state, which refers to the concrete when it’s wet. Concrete is made of aggregate, water, and cement, and all these ingredients are mixed together to create a building material that allows you to maneuver it into position. When it’s in the plastic state, concrete can be poured into sidewalk forms, high-rise walls, foundation footings, underground trenches, or any other shape needed for a specific project. This makes it more maneuverable compared to other building materials.

2. Curing

The second state of concrete is known as curing, which is what helps concrete develop its strength and durability. Curing takes place right after concrete has been placed and finished. During this process, moisture and temperature are controlled for an extended period of time. If not cured properly, concrete is at risk of scaling and abrasion, which makes for an unsightly finished product. The length of time needed to cure concrete is typically 28 days, but the curing time may vary based on the mix proportions, desired strength, weather conditions, and size of the overall concrete.

3. Hardened

After the curing process, concrete is in the hardened state, which is what most people associate with when thinking about concrete. This state takes place when the concrete has developed it specified strength and can be used for its intended purpose, such as for a road, sidewalk, patio, etc.

Ozinga’s concrete experts constantly work toward creating the right mix to help your project move along. Learn moreo about our ready mix concrete products today. 

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